Casablanca fascinates the visitor by its richness and its culture. its wide avenues and its sea coast like riviera. The architecture, art deco and Moorish at the same time hide treasures: cupolas, view-points, columns, mosques: it is a decoration of the Mediterranean over the Atlantic littoral.
Casablanca (French) Whitehouse (English) الدار البيضاء (Arabic)is the cosmopolitan, industrial and economic heart of Morocco and its largest city.
The modern city of Casablanca was founded by Berber fishermen in the 10th Century BC and was subsequently used by the Phoenicians, Romans, and the Merenids as a strategic port called Anfa. The Portuguese destroyed it and rebuilt it under the name Casa Branca, only to abandon it after an earthquake in 1755. The Moroccan sultan rebuilt the city as Dar al Baida and it was given its current name of Casablanca by Spanish traders who established trading bases there. The French occupied the city in 1907, establishing it as a protectorate in 1912 and starting construction of the ville nouvelle, howeverit gained independence with the rest of the country in 1956.Casablanca is now Morocco'slargest city with a population of almost 4 million and also boasts the world's largest artificial port.
Hassan II Mosque
It is the biggest mosque in the world after the one of the mecque, inaugurated august the 30, 1993.the achievement of this project is largely financed by national subscription Its building was launched in 1980 to be finished in 1989.the mosque was inaugurated in 1993. First of all First of all some impressive figures:The height of the minaret is 200 m²(comparing with the famous koutoubia of Marackech which is only 77m).The mosque occupy 20 000 m²;150 000 person can be received.25 000 faithful people can come to pry in a room of 60 metres of height and 200 metres oflength.5 000 women can pray in a reserved room.The roof of this room weighs 1100 tons and it is opened on the sky in a record time.It contains a laser ray which indicates the Mecque from a range of 30 km.10 000 craftsmen contributed in its construction.It has cost more than 400 millions euros. More than 300 persons works the whole year here.It is the largest mosque in the maghreb and surely the most beautiful.
El Habous District
This district which combines between the Moroccan architecture,the standards of urbanismeand the modern comfort,excites quikly all the visitors of casablnaca. One found there manycraft shops coffee Houses and bookshops One find everything:traditional clothes,scrap merchany,jewllers,bookshops well provided by moslem Books, stores of the Moroccan furniture,small shops,olives and spices salesmen,markets,etc.all was rebuilt on the plan of the old medinas :alleys,archway as the sympathetic small places where we can rest or to locate.
The old medina: Small but full of charm snuggle behind its walls in the north of the national plaza.with itsalleyway network,its big mosque its houses limed its small squares and its marabouts It follows the traditional plan of the Moroccan cities.Casablnaca’s medina slice with the rest of the city modernity and westernization.between its ramparts,we have the impression of being from centuries behind.it is inconceivable to visit some cities in Moroccoo without visiting the medina’s markets.
By tram:the tram opened in December 2012. The tram works from 6 AM to 22:30 PM during the week. End-to-end journey times are put at 60/70 minutes. The 31-kilometre line links some of main neighbourhoods of the city, and includes 48 stop stations.Two of the stations, Gare de Casa-Voyageurs, and Gare de l'Oasis are located in front of train stations.A rechargeable (ten times) ticket costs 1 Dh, and a one-way trip costs 6Dh,regardless of distance. Trams run frequently, with at least one train every ten minutes during daylight and early evening hours.
By bus: many bus companies run through the city.Going by bus is the cheapest way to get around (4 Dh). It could be worth taking the chance given the cost-saving and experience of what many locals experience.
By taxi: all taxis; red in color, drivers know how to get to every single place in every single guide book.
It is Frequently visited day like night by the casablancais.Restaurant;hotels,swiming pools;dance halls And the cinema’s complexe follow one another until the great fine sand beach of aindiab villas.in front Of sidi Abderrahmane limed walls of the Marabout.
They are two categories :public and private.they extend on many kilometers.In summer(from june to september) there is a multitude,thanks to the royal foundation the see is very cleaned and it looks very pleasant.in the water,the temperature is tottaly bearable.the young Moroccans loves to come here so as to play football or racket.